Why Do Cats Knead? 5 Reasons Your Cat Kneads You

Bright white cat paws. Sleeping on yellow background

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Kneading is when your cat alternates their front paws in a rhythmic fashion on a soft, squishy surface. Cats knead on beds, on soft blankets, and sometimes, they knead their humans.

To you, it may look like your cat is kneading dough to make delicious bread or cookies, but the kitty habit is not simply for fun.

While there is no definite one answer as to why cats knead, there are a few solid theories as to why cats engage in this bizarre ritual of “making biscuits.” Here are five possible reasons why your cat needs to knead.

1. It’s Instinctual Behavior From When They Were A Kitten

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Kittens knead at their mother’s tummy when they’re hungry and looking for milk. A nursing kitten will instinctively knead at their mother’s abdomen to help stimulate milk production.

Because kittens use this motion to satisfy a need, they often associate the habit with a good thing and bring it into their adult cat life, as well.

Your cat’s kneading may be an instinct they picked up and never grew out of.

2. They’re Showing You They Care

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Often when cats knead, it’s to show how content and happy they are. Have you ever noticed how your cat kneads your lap after you’ve given them a rather satisfactory petting session? They may be “petting” you back.  

Unfortunately, this can be a painful experience, as some cats use their sharp nails in the kneading process. It may be instinct for you to scold your cat for inflicting pain on you, but try not to. Your cat does not realize that kneading is a painful situation for you.

Opt for nail guards or routine nail trims to keep your cat’s loving kneading bearable for your lap.

3. They’re Preparing A Place To Rest

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Our house cats’ wild ancestors kneaded tall grasses to make a cozy and secret place to sleep and rest. Many wildcats today still do this.

The habit has passed down to our domestic house kitties. If your cat is super comfortable on your lap, they may knead it to make it even more comfy for their resting needs.

4. They’re Marking Territory

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Kneading your sofa or your lap can be your cat’s way of marking their territory.

Cat paws have scent glands that secrete your cat’s unique scent. You may not be able to smell it, but other cats can.

Kneading a person or a comfy place is sometimes a discreet way your cat is telling other kitties to back off. You can redirect this behavior by providing your cat with an appropriate scratching post. Reward them when they use it so they understand that this is where they should knead from now on.

5. They Knead Because They’re Needy

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If you have a particularly needy cat, they may knead you all of the time to solicit attention, especially if this behavior resulted in you giving them attention in the past.

If your cat purrs while kneading your thighs, this is their way of using all of their persuasive tools to get something from you–chances are it’s food.

If you find that your cat is kneading you all of the time, try clicker training to reward your cat for not digging their claws into you every time they need a refill in their food bowl.

Does your cat enjoy making the bread? What do you do to keep your cat from kneading your jeans into shreds? Share your wisdom in the comments below!

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Can Cats Eat Grapes? Are Grapes Safe For Cats?

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Can cats eat grapes? Grapes are widely recommended as a tasty and healthy snack for hungry humans, but have you ever noticed your kitty attempting to swipe some of them? While it might seem amusing at first to see your cat try to eat grapes, you’re probably wondering if it’s safe for them to do so.

When it comes to the question of “Can cats eat grapes?” the short answer is yes they can, but they probably shouldn’t. And as with all human foods, you should ask your veterinarian before you even attempt to feed any grapes to your cat.

Let’s dig into the science behind whether cats can eat grapes and spotlight the health and safety concerns.

Are Grapes Safe For Cats To Eat?

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First of all, if you have any dog owning friends or family, you might have heard them telling you that grapes are very dangerous for dogs to eat and can even cause kidney failure.

But does it follow that cats should also avoid the food? Well, not necessarily.

Cats are obligate carnivores and need a diet that’s almost all protein. So that means that grapes shouldn’t really be part of a cat’s daily diet. But according to most sources, there haven’t been any recorded cases of a cat becoming sick after eating grapes.

So if your cat does seem to have a thing for chowing down on grapes from time to time, you don’t need to necessarily worry. Although if they show any immediate signs of lethargy, sickness or vomiting, call your vet straight away.

When Is It Okay For Cats To Eat Grapes?

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As mentioned, you must ask your vet before you feed your cat grapes or any food. They can give you more specific advice. Once you get the okay, you can try giving your cat a taste of a grape.

As with all human foods, if your cat shows any interest in eating grapes, make sure you only ever serve them in moderation. Always be sure that the grapes have been properly washed to ensure no potentially poisonous pesticides or fertilizers remain on the fruit.

Also, do not feed your cat grapes with seeds in them. The seed could become a choking hazard. So cut up the grapes and remove the seeds if your feline seems to be in the mood to snack on some grapes.

Has your cat ever had a taste of grapes? Do they try to sneak a bite when you’re eating them? Tell us all about it in the comments section below!

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Can Cats Eat Chocolate? Is Chocolate Safe For Cats?

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Can cats eat chocolate? Chocolate is considered one of the most popular treats for humans, but have you ever been lounging on the couch, enjoying a luxurious chocolate bar, and wondered whether your cat would also like to get in on the snack session? Is it safe to share that dessert with your kitty?

The short answer is no, cats can’t eat chocolate. In fact, chocolate is deemed as very toxic to cats in most cases. It’s not safe for felines in any amount.

Let’s look into why cats and chocolate are not a good or safe mix and what you should do if your cat manages to eat chocolate.

Why Is Chocolate Bad For Cats?

Cat and chocolate cake

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Chocolate is widely considered unsafe for cats due to the presence of caffeine and theobromine in it.

Theobromine is an alkaloid that’s found in the cacao plant, which is used to make chocolate.

In general, theobromine is is widely cited as being toxic for a range of animals, including felines and canines. So don’t share it with your doggy pals, either.

If a cat eats chocolate and ingests caffeine or theobromine, they can suffer from diarrhea, vomiting, and an increased heart rate. With caffeine being a stimulant, you might also notice restlessness or hyperactivity in your cat.

What Should You Do If Your Cat Eats Chocolate?

Cat looking at chocolate

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If your suspect your cat has somehow managed to eat some chocolate and is showing any of the symptoms above–or any non-typical behavior in general–call your emergency vet straight away.

In most cases, the vet will recommended bringing the cat in and induce vomit. Medication may also be provided to help settle any spiking heart rates.

But it’s not all bad news. While chocolate can be very dangerous for cats to eat, in most cases your resident feline won’t really have much interest or appetite in sneaking in some chocolate, anyway. This is because it’s been proven that cats can’t taste sweet things.

In essence, your cat naturally does not have a sweet tooth.

Do you ever have to keep your kitty away from your chocolate? What do you feed your cat for a dessert treat, instead? Let us know in the comments below!

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Cat Facts: Fun Trivia About Tuxedo Cats With ‘Tuxie-tude’

tuxedo cat

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There’s no denying that tuxedo cats look like they’re always prepared for a formal event. But that doesn’t mean they’re the stuffy, stuck-up type. In fact, they’re known for letting lose and enjoying a good play session.

When it comes to facts about tuxies, there might be plenty you don’t know, even if you have a tuxedo cat snuggling up with you at home right now. Luckily, CatTime is full of cat facts to help you learn and appreciate our feline friends even more!

Aside from always being ready for the Met Gala, tuxedo cats have a lot of interesting qualities about them. Here are some facts about the elegant-yet-playful tuxedo cat!

The Name Means Exactly What You Think It Means

You can probably guess that tuxedo cats, affectionately known as “tuxies,” are named after their dapper appearance. They have a black and white coat that makes them look like they’re wearing, as the name suggests, tuxedos.

Most of a tuxie’s coat is black with a “bib” of white on their chest. Sometimes there can be white on a tuxedo cat’s paws, or there can be a black spot on the “bib” of the chest, making it look like a little bow-tie on a tuxedo.

Tuxedo Cats Are Not A Breed

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Much like calicoes and tortoiseshell cats, a tuxedo cat is not a breed of cat, but rather a genetic fur pattern that can occur in many types of cats.

No pedigree breeds specifically require kittens to have tuxedo coat patterns. This doesn’t mean, however, that tuxedo cats are rare. Tuxie kitties appear in tons of breeds, such as the Cornish Rex, Maine Coons, and Norwegian Forest Cats, to name a few.  

Scientists believe the reason why so many types of breeds can turn out to be tuxedo cats is that piebald cats, or two-colored cats, form their coloring through a process before birth that is completely randomized

This means that nearly any kitten has the chance to be a tuxedo cat–or any kind of two-toned cat for that matter. 

Tuxedo Cats And ‘Tuxie-tude’

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Tuxedo cat owners often claim that their tuxies have a distinct personality, much like tortoiseshell cat lovers talk about “tortie-tude.”

While torties are notoriously finicky and sassy, tuxedo cats have a different type of attitude, or a “tuxie-tude.” They’re anecdotally affectionate and playful.  

Some tuxedo lovers even go as far as to say their tuxedo cats are smarter than your average feline. Tuxedo cat lovers have been quoted as saying their cats are actually 200 percent more intelligent than normal non-tuxie kitties. 

There Are Lots Of Famous Tuxedo Cats

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You may not even realize it, but a lot of kitties in pop culture are actually tuxedo cats.

Looney Tunes‘ own Sylvester is a tuxedo cat. Of course, he provided us with lots of laughs in his rivalry with Tweety Bird.

President Bill Clinton had a tuxedo cat in the White House named Socks. Socks was so famous that he inspired children’s books, made guest appearances in comic strips, and was even featured on a special stamp series in the Central African Republic!

Not only are there famous tuxedo cats, but it seems like famous humans liked to keep them. Sir Isaac Newton, Beethoven, and Shakespeare allegedly all had tuxedo cats.

Maybe this is why tuxedo cats get such a reputation for being so darn smart.

Do you have a tuxedo cat? Does your tuxie have the “tuxie-tude?” Let us know in the comments below, and feel free to share a picture of your dapper tuxie, too!

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What Is Splooting? Does Your Cat Sploot?

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You may have heard of the term “splooting” floating around the internet in reference to our animal pals. But what does it mean? And do cats sploot?

Our pets are so adorable that the online pet community has birthed its own ridiculous but hilarious slang to describe our furry friends and their behavior. You are probably familiar with some of the classic kitty memes, such as Keyboard Cat or LOLCats.

But pet-memeing has even given rise to its own vocabulary. That’s where terms like splooting come in. Here’s what it means so you can tell if your cat does it!

What Is Splooting?

 

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Splooting describes one of the silliest things a four-legged friend can do while relaxing. Splooting is when a pet lays out on their belly while having both hind legs splay out behind them instead of being neatly tucked under their torso. It looks like the picture above.

This is a term you might hear applied to dogs more often than cats–more specifically, Corgis. These short-legged pups are the most famed for their sploot-ery, but our feline friends can certainly do it, too!

Why do they do it? Who knows? Maybe they’re trying to get in a good stretch. Maybe they’re trying to put their belly to the ground to keep it warm or cool. Our cats are keeping pretty quiet about it, so we may never know. Still, it looks pretty darn adorable!

What Other Cat Internet Terms Should I Know?

 

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Cats have long been the reigning champions as far as animals of the Internet go, so it is easy to see why splooting is only one of many meme terms that cat lovers use to describe their cat’s kooky quirks.

For example, “airplane ears” is used to describe when a cat folds their ears back as if they’re about to take flight. In reality, it may mean that your cat is annoyed and wants to claw at you. Beware the airplane ears seen above!

 

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“Baffing” is another cat-centric term for something non-cat folk may refer to as “grooming.” Yes, baffing is the same thing as saying a cat is grooming themselves, but baffing is so much more entertaining and in line with all that is cat.

It probably comes from the word “bath” as in a cat bath. But give baffing a try the next time you refer to your cat giving themselves a good tongue cleaning!

 

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One of the silliest terms the Internet has come up for a kitty behavior is “loafing.” No, loafing does not simply refer to the cat favorite activity of lazing around. Loafing is when a cat–or doggo–puts all four of their paws underneath their torso, making them look like a furry loaf of bread with an adorable little face.

The lexicon of Internet cat-lingo is still in its infancy, but it has grown exponentially since the incarnation of the “I Can Has Cheezburger” kitty.

Does your cat sploot? What other meme terms do you enjoy using to describe your cat? Let us know in the comments as Keyboard Cat plays us off!

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Urinary Tract Infections (UTIs) In Cats: Symptoms, Causes, & Treatments

Cat in litter box

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A urinary tract infection (UTI) is a medical issue that can affect cats, especially felines between one and four years old. Signs of UTIs in cats might include urinating too much, struggling to urinate or making pained noises while going, urinating outside the litter box, or even blood in the urine.

If you see the signs of a UTI in your cat, then call your veterinarian. They may ask you to bring your cat in for treatment or provide you with further advice.

Here’s what you need to know about the symptoms, causes, and treatments for UTIs in cats.

Symptoms Of Urinary Tract Infections In Cats

Cat in litter box

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Regularly monitoring your cat’s litter box use will help you spot something out of the ordinary and find out if they’re suffering from a urinary tract infection.

If you notice that your feline has stopped peeing in the litter box or is trying to go but no urine is coming out, then that’s a strong sign something is wrong.

If you see your kitty visiting the litter box way more frequently than they usually do, or if they’ve started to pee in inappropriate places other than the litter box, then that’s also an indication that something is amiss.

More serious urinary tract infections can also result in blood in the urine or your cat wailing or howling while going.

If you notice any of these symptoms, keep monitoring how your cat pees and contact your vet. Let them know if symptoms continue to worsen.

Causes Of Urinary Tract Infections In Cats

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Unfortunately, the specific causes of urinary tract infections in cats are unknown.

One suspected cause is urinary stones, which result when minerals collect together in the urinary tract.

Bacterial infections and viruses, along with parasites, can also result in a urinary tract infection in a cat.

Stress can aggravate a urinary tract infection; although, it’s not usually the primary reason behind the issue.

Treatments For Urinary Tract Infections In Cats

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Many feline urinary tract infections can clear up without medical assistance; although, that doesn’t meant the symptoms won’t recur. That’s why it’s important to talk to your vet about treatment.

If you visit a vet with a cat who’s showing urination problems, they might collect urine samples and order an abdominal ultrasound if they suspect the cause is a blockage in the urethra. In less severe cases, prescription cat food is often recommended to help clear up the problem.

In general, as a cat owner, you’ll need to make sure your feline’s litter box is always clean, fresh water is on offer, and the cat is eating an appropriate diet, which your vet can help you with.

It’s also vital to provide a stress-free living environment for cats who’ve suffered from a UTI.

Has your cat ever suffered from a urinary tract infection? How did you treat it? Let us know in the comments below!

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Can Cats Eat Dog Food? Is Dog Food Safe For Cats?

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Can cats eat dog food? The short answer is no, they shouldn’t. Even though it’s probably not deadly for your cat to take a bite or two of dog food, they shouldn’t indulge very often in their canine pals‘ dinner.

While sneaking in the occasional bit of dog food won’t always result in an medical emergency for your cat, there are a number of reasons why cats should not be fed food meant for dogs.

Here’s why your cat should not eat dog food, even if they have done so before without serious issues.

Why Can’t Cats Eat Dog Food?

Cat and dog eating

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There’s a fundamental difference in the dietary needs of cats and dogs, and that means commercial cat and dog foods are prepared differently.

Cats are obligate carnivores, which means they need to get most of their nutrition from eating other animals. Dogs, on the other hand, are omnivores, so they can feast on both plants and meats for their nutrition. Feeding your cat dog food risks depriving your cat of their essential dietary needs.

Secondly, there are more specific nutrients that cats require from their food. Vitamin A is essential and must be part of your cat’s food, whereas dogs are able to turn beta-carotene into vitamin A. This means most commercial dog foods won’t provide your cat with enough vitamin A.

Taurine is an essential amino acid that cats also require in their food. Once again, a dog’s body is able to make its own taurine, whereas a domestic cat will rely on their food to supply it.

What Cat Health Issues Can Come From Eating Dog Food?

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If your cat does not get enough taurine in their diet, they can find themselves suffering from a range of illnesses that include deafness, blindness and heart issues.

If not provided with the correct amount and balance of vitamins in their diet, a cat could become lethargic, suffer from gastrointestinal ailments, experience seizures, and even die.

So while you don’t need to panic if your cat somehow sneaks into some of the dog’s food, do not be tempted to feed them dog food on a regular basis.

Have you ever lived with a cat who kept trying to eat dog food? How did you keep it away from them? Let us know in the comments below!

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Can Cats Have Olive Oil? Is Olive Oil Safe For Cats?

Olive oil bottle

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Can cats have olive oil? The short answer is yes, most cats can. However, there are a few things you should consider and precautions you should take before you add olive oil to your cat’s food.

Olive oil is a staple in most kitchens and usually suggested as a healthy addition to a human diet, especially with the way it offers antioxidant benefits. But did you know that olive oil isn’t just safe for cats, but also offers them health benefits, too?

Of course, you should always ask your vet before adding anything to your cat’s diet, including olive oil. It’s best to ask your vet first, as they know your individual cat’s health needs.

Let’s get into why olive oil is safe for cats and how your feline can become healthier when you add olive oil to their diet.

Is Olive Oil Safe For Cats?

Cat in kitchen

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Olive oil is not considered a toxic food, and it’s generally safe for most cats to consume.

This also applies to cat-safe foods you might have cooked with olive oil, like chicken. However, some spices and other additions to recipes can be toxic to cats. It’s best to make sure foods like chicken are plain except for the olive oil if you plan to share them with your kitty.

What Are The Health Benefits Of Olive Oil For Cats?

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First of all, olive oil is a great antioxidant and contains a lot of vitamin E. This can help improve a cat’s immune system.

Because olive oil also contains monounsaturated fat, it can actually help ward off diabetes and associated cardiovascular ailments in felines. Olive oil can even help a cat lose weight due to the way the monounsaturated fats break down fat cells in the animal’s body.

Finally, eating olive oil can help keep a cat’s fur and skin in healthy and shiny condition. Some cases of feline constipation have also been cured by feeding the cat olive oil!

How Should You Feed Olive Oil To Your Cat?

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Obviously olive oil is a fat, so unless advised by your vet, you should not be adding too much of it to your cat’s diet. Common recommendations suggest adding one teaspoon of olive oil to your cat’s regular food two or three times a week.

Also, make sure that the olive oil you’re feeding your cat is genuine olive oil. The market is full of counterfeit olive oils, so look for one that’s marked “first cold pressed” on the bottle and lists the origin of the oil.

Has your cat ever had a taste of olive oil? Have you used olive oil to boost your cat’s health? Tell us about it in the comments below!

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Kittens Versus Adult Cats: How To Choose Which Is Right For You

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If you’re looking to adopt a feline companion, you have a lot of choices to make. One of the most important is whether to get a kitten or adult cat.

Both kittens and mature felines have their pros and cons. Of course, the best thing to do is draw on your past experiences and evaluate your life situation. Could your home, family, and resident pets handle a kitten or a full-grown feline?

Give it some thought before you stop at the shelter and adopt your new family member. Here’s what you should know about adopting kittens versus adopting adult cats.

What To Consider With Kittens

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Kittens are adorable. It’s difficult to resist these funny, lively little bundles of fur and energy. But when you adopt a kitten, you get a baby who needs a lot of time and attention from you. You must teach a kitten how to be a good companion.

Kittens have sharp little teeth and claws. Unfortunately they can’t differentiate between climbing the lovely cat tree you bought for them and climbing the drapes, couch, or your leg. And kitten teeth might miss the toy you’re playing with and chomp down on your hand.

These tiny balls of energy are not the best choice for families with young kids or older people who are not steady on their feet. Kittens are fragile and can get hurt by children who don’t know what “gentle” means. And they tend to magically appear underfoot, causing a person to trip or fall trying to avoid them.

No question, you’ll need to kitten-proof your home. Think like a kitten and view your house from their level, removing all the objects that could cause them harm. You’ll want to consider everything, from covering electrical cords, to making sure there aren’t any dangerous items on the floor, to hiding valuables that might get broken.

Even with their drawbacks, kittens will bring you hours of amusement.

What To Consider With Adult Cats

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When you adopt an adult cat, you know exactly what you’re getting. You know what they look like. You can tell whether the cat is laid-back or active, vocal or quiet, cuddly, curious or shy.

If you work outside your home, and the cat will be alone all day, an adult cat is a better choice. Kittens on their own tend to be lonely and can get into trouble while looking for amusement. Older cats sleep more and are often satisfied entertaining themselves.

Adult cats are usually already litter box trained and know how to use a scratching post. They are less likely to damage your furniture or knock something off the shelf.

That said, it’s a good idea to ask about a cat’s litter box habits; a reputable shelter or rescue group will tell you any problems the cat might have. Usually, such issues can be resolved fairly easily.

Another reason to adopt an older cat is the joy you get by giving them a second chance. People go to a shelter or rescue to look for a cat, but the “cute kitten factor” often keeps them from seeing all the sensational adult cats. Don’t forget to check out the adults who already know their manners. You might be pleasantly surprised.

Regardless of whether you adopt a kitten or an adult cat, you are going to be doing a good deed. The shelters are full of both cats and kittens in need of loving homes. We have our own CatTime.com adoption section full of beautiful cats and kittens who would love to move in with you.

Would you prefer to adopt an adult cat or a kitten? Got any tips for first-time adopters? Let us know in the comments below!

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Dwarf Cats: Everything You Need To Know About Feline Dwarfism

cat with feline dwarfism

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Dwarf cats, commonly referred to as munchkin cats, are nothing short of adorable on paper. Dwarf cats’ tiny, little legs induce a chorus of “awwws” from just about any human. Famous dwarf cats like Lil Bub and Grumpy Cat only add to the insane popularity of the munchkin cat phenomenon.

Unfortunately, something as cute as a dwarf cat often comes at a price. Those cute looks are the result of genetic deformities, and breeders sometimes intentionally breed these deformities into kittens to cash in on their cuteness.

Here’s everything you need to know about dwarf cats.

What Is Feline Dwarfism?

In order to fully understand the controversy behind the munchkin cat trend, it is important to understand how dwarf kitties are created in the first place. Dwarfism in cats is technically a genetic mutation, and not one that is simply cute.

There are three types of feline dwarfism: osteochondrodysplasia, pituitary dwarfism, and selective dwarfism.

Each of these types of dwarfism can produce the sought-after stout legs and smushed face you commonly see in munchkin cats. However, all types of feline dwarfism come with potential health hazards, as well.

Osteochondrodysplasia

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Osteochondrodysplasia is a condition in which the growth and development of both bone and cartilage is abnormal, resulting in a lack of healthy bone growth as well as skeletal deformities. Often, this abnormal bone growth will produce a dwarf cat with short limbs and a normal sized body.

Osteochondrodysplasia can cause other abnormalities of a dwarf cat’s stature aside from stubby legs. Munchkin cats with osteochondrodysplasia can have curved spines, bow-legged stances, and slightly-bigger-than-usual heads.

Dwarf kittens or cats with this type of dwarfism have the potential for other health problems. These include neurological issues, mobility issues, heart and lung defects, and other physical abnormalities–such as the aforementioned curved spine–that can be severely limiting to a dwarf cat.

Scottish Folds are known to be susceptible to this type of feline dwarfism.

Pituitary Dwarfism

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Munchkin or dwarf cats with pituitary dwarfism are incredibly rare. This type of dwarfism appears in cats whose pituitary glands cannot produce enough growth hormone (GH).

The pituitary gland of this type of dwarf cat may not be able to produce GH due to cysts, underdevelopment of the gland, tumors, or an infection. When cats have this particular type of dwarfism, there are, unfortunately, a myriad of health issues that come along with it.

Kittens affected by pituitary dwarfism can’t grow at a healthy rate and will look like runts of their litters. These cats will also have softer teeth and retain their soft kitten hair longer due to the lack of GH. Pituitary dwarfism may lead to a slower mental development, as well.

Since so many vital organs are affected by the growth hormones created by the pituitary gland, kittens with pituitary dwarfism will not be able to lead a long life. Often, when cats have pituitary dwarfism, they also have other hormone imbalances like hypothyroidism and hypoadrenocorticism.

Selective Dwarfism In Cats

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As you may have guessed by the name, selective dwarfism in cats is when breeders purposefully seek out the genetic mutation to create that adorable, Basset Hound-esque stature of the dwarf kitten.

Many consider these munchkin cat breeders unethical, as they may be jeopardizing the cats’ health and running the risk of breeding cats with incredibly short life spans just to make a profit.

While the rise of unethical dwarf kitten breeders is somewhat new, the controversy behind the breed is not. In 1994, TICA officially recognized the munchkin cat as a breed.

Many animal advocates beg the public not to support unethical dwarf cat breeders. Instead, they ask those who feel strongly about getting one to look for rescue dwarf kittens.

Cat associations like Cat Fanciers Association (CFA) and the American Cat Fanciers Association officially do not recognize the breed in hopes of not contributing to unethical breeding.

Do you have a munchkin cat or a cat with feline dwarfism? Has your dwarf cat had any health issues? Let us know in the comments below!

The post Dwarf Cats: Everything You Need To Know About Feline Dwarfism appeared first on CatTime.

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